Научно-исследовательский институт теории и истории архитектуры и градостроительства
Музей архитектурной художественной керамики «Керамарх»
Леция Милана Просена
ЗНАЧЕНИЕ РУССКОЙ ЭМИГРАЦИИ ДЛЯ СЕРБСКОЙ АРХИТЕКТУРЫ
Время проведения: 29 ноября 2021 года, 18.00
Место проведения: платформа Zoom
Научно-исследовательский институт теории и истории архитектуры и градостроительства, Музей архитектурной художественной керамики «Керамарх» и Европейский университет приглашают на лекцию сербского профессора Милана Просена «Значение русской эмиграции для сербской архитектуры».
Лектор – доктор наук Милан Просен, доцент, заведующий кафедрой общественных и гуманитарных наук факультета прикладных искусств Университета искусств (Белград, Сербия).
Лекция пройдет на английском с синхронным переводом на русский 29 ноября с 18.00 до 19.30.
Ссылка для подключения в Zoom:
Идентификатор конференции: 914 1595 2711
Код доступа: 383017
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This lecture is a review of the strong influence of Russian intellectual emigration on the development of architecture in Serbia in the first half of the 20th century. The fact that the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 1919-1921 received about 45,000 Russian emigrants, most of whom arrived in the Serbian parts of the kingdom, mostly in Belgrade, which had only 111,000 inhabitants after the end of the First World War. 64% of Russian refugees had a university degree. Among them were about 70 trained architects, and over 1,200 engineers. As Serbia was renewed in the interwar period by the strength of the country that won the War, a special effort was made to build the Yugoslav capital – Belgrade, and the builders who arrived from Russia had the opportunity of affirmation in the field of public, church and residential architecture. This is especially emphasized by the reputation that some builders, such as Nikolai Petrovich Krasnov, had with the Yugoslav government, especially with the young King Alexander I, but also in the Ministry of Construction itself, where they were treated equally with Yugoslav subjects. Apart from the capital city Russian builders have been employed in other important regional centers with a predominantly Serbian population: Novi Sad, Nis, Banja Luka, Sarajevo, Cetinje and Skopje. They were participants in important state competitions.
Bearing in mind their significant presence, which marked the period 1920-1940, we can consider the role and significance of what they achieved in the genesis and development of Serbian architecture between the two world wars. They gathered around the Association of Russian Artists and the Union of Russian Engineers of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, founded in 1922. Younger experts were educated at the Technical Faculty of the University of Belgrade, while a number of previously established builders carried diplomas of great European. Russian centers primarily St. Petersburg. In their work, it is possible to see evocations of the Empire Style, which represented a connection with the Russian tradition, Academicism dominant in the field of public buildings, adoption of the National Serbian style prevalently in the design of church commissions, as well as international styles of Modernism and Art Deco in the field of residential architecture.